I am proud to have participated in this round table organized by Confilegal on Artificial Intelligence and the legal world: Is it a train we are obliged to board? In this meeting, I had the opportunity to share my thoughts and learn from other experts in the field of compliance, a sector that is constantly evolving and must be prepared to adapt to new technologies and challenges posed by artificial intelligence in the legal world.
Legaltech and the Transformation of the Legal World
The legal world is experiencing a paradigm shift with the incorporation of legal technology, known as legaltech. This term encompasses the use of innovative technologies and digital solutions to automate, streamline, and improve legal processes and the provision of legal services.
Generative Artificial Intelligence in the Legal Field
Generative Artificial Intelligence is a technology that mimics the way the human brain works. It analyzes and summarizes documents, generates new ones, makes predictions based on case law and historical data of cases and court rulings, and efficiently identifies relevant documents in large data sets, saving time and costs.
The Need for Adaptation to Change
Legal professionals must adapt to these changes and board the train of Artificial Intelligence. Resistance to change is common in legal professions, but it is necessary to carry out a process of implementing technological solutions that involves the protagonists and convinces them of the benefits they will obtain in their profession.
Training in New Methodologies and Technologies
Technical legal training is no longer enough. Lawyers must master new methodologies such as design thinking, project management, and time management. In addition, it is necessary to understand non-legal concepts such as user experience and learn about the law of technologies.
The Risks of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence poses risks to many of our rights, such as the protection of personal data and intellectual property. It is necessary to establish limits on what technology can do and protect our rights in the process.
The Use of Artificial Intelligence in the Judicial System
The judicial system is already using Artificial Intelligence to facilitate the work of judges and improve the system. Applications are being developed that generate hyperlinks for citations of sentences or norms, anonymize data, and calculate accumulations of sentences, among other things.
The Case of ECIX Group and Its Own Artificial Intelligence ECIX Group has developed its own Artificial Intelligence, which helps lawyers do their work more effectively and quickly. This technology allows you to ask anything, create documents from scratch, and summarize extensive documents, facilitating the interpretation and analysis of information.
Data Quality and the Need for the Human Head
In the vast world of data available on the internet, there is a lack of clear discrimination between good and bad data. As we progress in our queries and refine our questions, we educate the system, which in turn advances. However, the human head is still needed to filter the results.
Expert Systems in the Legal Field
Expert systems are essential tools that should be implemented in all legal fields, from town halls to autonomous communities. These systems use algorithms and data, but also incorporate human knowledge, creating decision trees that facilitate legal decision-making.
The Pending Revolution in the Legal World
Despite the existence of expert systems, a revolution has not yet occurred in the legal world. Many lawyers resist the idea of being replaced by machines, despite the fact that these tools can significantly help them in their work.
Transparency and Data Protection
Transparency is fundamental in the use of artificial intelligence, especially in the legal field. It is important that companies are transparent about how their algorithms are built and how user data is handled. In addition, it is crucial to comply with data protection laws and ensure that customer information is handled securely and confidentially.
Cost and Accessibility
The cost of implementing artificial intelligence solutions is a common concern. However, as technology advances and becomes more accessible, costs tend to decrease. In addition, economies of scale allow services to be more affordable for end users.
The Future of Artificial Intelligence in the Legal Field
The future of artificial intelligence in the legal field is promising. As laws and regulations adapt to this new reality, new possibilities will open up to improve efficiency and transparency in the legal system. Standardizing legal language and integrating it with computing are key steps towards a future where artificial intelligence plays a fundamental role in the legal field.
The Future of Justice and Artificial Intelligence
Redefinition of Roles in Justice
Justice in Spain, with its 45,000 officials and multiple recent strikes, faces a crucial moment of change. Artificial intelligence and legaltech are changing the way we work, and it is necessary to redefine roles within justice. Judicial assistance bodies, for example, are specializing in handling computer elements in the courtroom, which shows an evolution in their functions.
Robotization of Procedures
Artificial intelligence can be used to robotize procedures, such as monitories, thus speeding up the process and requiring a redefinition of the map of material and human resources. This could lead to proposals for sentences generated by artificial intelligence, which the judge can accept or modify.
Quality of Sentences and Neutrality of Judges
Artificial intelligence can also be used to assess the quality of sentences of magistrates and the neutrality of judges. Although it is technically possible, a serious debate is required on the criteria that will be used to evaluate these issues.
The Need for a Paradigmatic Change in Justice
The introduction of technology into the judicial system should not be a simple addition to a system that has fundamental flaws. A paradigmatic change is needed in the way laws and justice are approached in general. Artificial intelligence can be a valuable tool in this process, but it is crucial that it is used ethically and human-centered. Technology must be a tool that helps us improve, not one that controls or replaces us.